Second Corinthians is a response to a complicated history between Paul and the Corinthian church, which must be reconstructed from the evidence available today.
Paul had sent Timothy to visit the Corinthians on his behalf but when Timothy arrived in Corinth, he found that the church was in turmoil, most likely in response to the arrival of Paul’s opponents from the east. When Paul learned of this he decided to proceed immediately to Corinth to resolve the issues.
Paul’s visit, however, turned out to be very painful as a result of the church’s open rebellion against him. At that time, Paul decided it was best to suffer humiliation and leave, without retaliating, in order to extend mercy to the Corinthians. Once back in Ephesus, Paul sent Titus back to Corinth with a tearful and severe letter that is now lost, warning the church of God’s judgment if they did not repent.
To Paul’s great joy, the majority of the Corinthians did repent, which Paul discovered when he met Titus in Macedonia. But there was still a rebellious minority who, under the influence of Paul’s opponents, continued to reject Paul and his Gospel. In response, and as yet another act of mercy, Paul wrote 2 Corinthians from Macedonia in anticipation of his third, impending visit to Corinth before going on to Jerusalem.
The mixed nature of the church in Corinth, not to mention the opponents whom Paul addresses indirectly throughout the letter, explains the complex nature of 2 Corinthians and its sometimes sudden shifts in focus and tone. Paul’s letter is an extended defence of the legitimacy of his apostolic ministry and its implications.
|Introduction||Watch||06 Mar 14|
|Chapter One||Watch||08 Mar 14|
|Chapter Two||Watch||10 Mar 14|
|Chapter Three||Watch||13 Mar 14|
|Chapter Four||Watch||14 Mar 14|
|Chapter Five||Watch||17 Mar 14|
|Chapter Six||Watch||19 Mar 14|
|Chapter Seven||Watch||20 Mar 14|
|Chapter Eight||Watch||22 Mar 14|
|Chapter Nine||Watch||23 Mar 14|
|Chapter Ten||Watch||24 Mar 14|
|Chapter Eleven||Watch||27 Mar 14|
|Chapter Twelve||Watch||28 Mar 14|
|Chapter Thirteen||Watch||29 Mar 14|
|Summary||Watch||29 Mar 14|