The Names of God

The Word Is Alive

The Names of God


The name Adonai is translated Lord in the Bible. It signifies ownership or mastership and indicates the truth that God is the owner of each member of the human family, and that he consequently claims the unrestricted obedience of all.

Lordship meant complete possession on the one hand and complete submission on the other. God is never a capricious or unjust master and therefore does not ask what cannot be performed, and never requires a task for which he does not equip his servants. In other words, everything God asks his people to do is good and just and can be accomplished as they trust him to enable them to do all that he has asked.

The Greek equivalent, Kyrios, is used with reference to Jesus the Christ.

El Elyon

This means ‘God Most High’ and is singular.


This means ‘to be strong’ or ‘to be in front’, which suits the power and pre-eminence of the Creator God. It is in the plural form but used in the original language with a singular verb or adjective. This indicates the idea of a plural magnitude or majesty when used in reference to the one true God.

This indicates the idea of the Trinity. The plural used with a singular verb or adjective describing God. The Hebrew language was incapable of describing the infinite God in any other way than to use this type of structure in reference to the God who delivered them time and time again.

El Roi

This means ‘the God Who Sees’.


This means God Almighty. El points to the power of God himself. Shaddai seems to be derived from another word meaning breast, which implies that Shaddai signifies one who nourishes, supplies, and satisfies. It is God as El who helps, but it is God as Shaddai who abundantly blesses with all manner of blessings.

God desires to bless humankind and provide in abundance all of mans needs. This name is indicative of a God who is powerful enough to do just that. Only an all powerful God can bless all humankind with all manner of blessings.


The English rendering of the Hebrew tetragram YHWH, one of the names of God. Refer to Yahweh below.

Jehovah Jireh

This means ‘God will provide.’

Jehovah nissi

This means ‘The Lord is my Banner.’

Jehovah Rapha

This means ‘the God who heals.’

Jehovah Kaddesh (Holy One)

This means ‘The God who sanctifies,’ i.e. being holy because Jehovah is God. Primarily it points to being set apart or separate. God is set apart from other gods as being Holy, and above all else in the universe.

Yahweh (YHWH)

This is God’s holy covenant name and comes from the verb ‘to be,’ and is the name revealed as ‘I AM WHO I AM.’

Yahweh Mekoddishkem

This means ‘The God who sanctifies you.’

Yahweh Raah

This means ‘The Lord is my Shepherd.’

Yahweh Shalom

This means ‘God is peace.’

Yahweh Sabaoth

This means ‘The Lord of Hosts.’

Yahweh Tsidkenu

This means ‘God – our saving justice.’